Gyirong County Ethnic Culture
Gyirong County which means “comfortable village” and “Happy Village” is located in the southwest of Tibet autonomous, southwest of Shigatse. It is famous because of its mild climatically conditions and its abundant vegetation which is unusual for Tibetan plateau. The legendary ancient temples and unique Tibetan customs attract countless visitors came here to open her mysterious veil. It also known as the backyard garden of Mount Everest.
There are 11,707 Tibetans, accounting for more than 99.23% of the total population; Han, Hui and other ethnic groups account for more than 0.77%, and a small number of Sherpas and Daman people are distributed in Gyirong Town and other places. The Daman people have joined Chinese nationality.
1. Tibetan New Year
Tibetan New Year is the Tibetan people’s traditional festival, and the most solemn festival. Tibetan New Year Festival is around February in the solar calendar. On the first day of the New Year Festival, the locals will celebrate the coming year in elaborate dresses.
2. Dharma Festival
Dharma Festival, a very well-known festival in Tibet began popular in Gyangtse, Shigatse, at the beginning. Dharma means horse race and archery in Tibetan. The Dharma Festival is still current in many places, the center of Gyangtse in particular. This festival used to be held in April with many activities, such as horse race, horsemanship, wrestle, Buddha exhibition, performance of shaman’s trance dance and sacrificing and so on. Nowadays, the Dharma Festival is celebrated in June when Tibetan people can get a spare set of hands from farm work.
Music and Dance
- Music: From 1985 to 1999, under the organization of county cultural staff, the staff amateur performance team created some musical works during the performance, such as “Good Family Planning,” “Hometown Changed”, “Happy Life” and other songs. It inspires the people of Gyirong to build a happy home with diligence and wisdom.
- Dance: Since 1989, Gyirong County has organized the masses to use folk dance as the theme. After a rough refinement, it has been compiled and exported to “Gyirong Pots Chuang”, “Ya La Beijing”, “Building New a House”, “Building Walls” and “Hada for the Communist Party”, ect. and have greatly enriched the cultural life of the people.