Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve, Chamdo
Chinese Name: 类乌齐国家级自然保护区
English Name: Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve, Chamdo
Location: Located in Riwoqe County, Chamdo Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region
Admission Fee: Free
Opening Hours: All Day
About Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve
Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve（类乌齐国家级自然保护区）is located in Riwoqe County（类乌齐县）, the north of eastern Chamdo District（昌都地区）, Tibet autonomous region, with a total area of 120,614.6 hectares. Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve in Tibet was established in 1993 and promoted to national nature reserve in 2005. It mainly protects the deer and its living environment, belonging to the wild animal type nature reserve with the geographical coordinates for longitude 95 ° 48 ‘~ 96 ° 30’ 13 ‘, north latitude 31 ° ~ 31 ° 31 ‘.
The Climate of Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve
Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve is a semi-humid climate of the plateau temperate zone. The light is sufficient, the annual temperature difference is small, the temperature difference is large, and the temperature is low. The annual average temperature 2.5 ℃.The average temperature in January – 6 ℃, the average temperature of 12 ℃ in July. Daily average temperature of 5 ℃ above duration in 120 days, daily average temperature above 0 ℃ duration in 250 days. Average daily temperature difference at 15 ℃. The average frost period is only 50 days. The average sunshine time of the year was 2,163 hours. Hail, above 18 days, windy days over 80 days, annual average temperature of 1 ~ 3 ℃, there is no absolute frost-free period. Average annual precipitation is of 566 mm.
The Vegetation of Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve
Natural vegetation: the natural vegetation here can be divided into 6 vegetation groups, 9 vegetation types and 22 groups. The vegetation type is diverse and complete. Here the natural landscape is beautiful with the rich species, which has the extremely high protection value.
Forest vegetation: there is a forestland of 8716.4 hectares. The forest vegetation is mainly distributed in the lower elevations on the east and the west bank of Ziqu River（紫曲河）. The main groups are the west Sichuan spruce and the big fruit cypress. The west Sichuan spruce forest is located in the shady-slope and the half shaded slope. Large fruit cypress is distributed in the sunny slope and the half-sunny slope.
The Coverage of Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve
The total area of Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve is 120614.6 hectares with a core area of 49 320.0 hectares, a buffer area of 25 441.7 hectares and the experimental area of 45 852.9 hectares.
The Protection Objects of Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve
Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve mainly protects the deer and its living environment, belonging to the wild animal type nature reserve. According to the preliminary statistics, there are 652 species of higher plants in the protected area of 73 families. There are 180 vertebrates, belonging to class 4, 13, 47 families. There are 10 types of protected wild animals in the reserve with 34 kinds of wild animals.
The Living Condition of Riwoqe Deer
Riwoqe Deer are mainly inhabited in the upper retama bushland areas of the forest with an altitude between 3500 and 5000 meters. In winter, they distributes in the sunny slope and the wind-sheltered valley; which in summer, they would like to live in forest of high mountain; during the spring and autumn period, it is a pleasure to feed and inhabit the edge of the forest and open spaces.
Ecological Value of Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve
Riwoqe Deer National Nature Reserve has extremely strong typicality, naturalness, appeal, and the scientific research potential. There are many kinds of rare and endangered species. Its size is suitable and is in ecological fragile subalpine forest and alpine meadow of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau transition zone, no matter from the protection of ecological environment, or in biodiversity conservation ways, has high conservation value.
China National Highway 214
China National Highway 317
How to Get to Qamdo Riwoqe County
Located in the Bangda Grassland, the Chamdo Bangda Airport is the world’s highest airport and has the longest runway. It is 136 kilometers (84.5 miles) from Chamdo County. As the first lateral airport in Tibet, Chamdo Bangda Airport started to be built in 1993 and finished in October, 1994. At present, it has air routes to/from domestic cities including Beijing, Chengdu, Chongqing, Lhasa, Tianjin, Xian, and Xining; meanwhile, flights to/from Nepal are also operated at this airport.
Passengers can take airport shuttle bus to Riwoqe County from the airport.
The airport inquiry number is +86 0895-4821004.
The Prefecture is over 1,200 kilometers (746 miles) from Chengdu and over 1,100 kilometers (684 miles) from Lhasa. Every week at least three buses travel between Qamdo and the two cities. Apart from regular buses, the tourist bureau sometimes sends special buses to Lhasa for visitors. It usually takes 10 days from Lhasa to visit Riwoqe.
Attraction Travel Tips
- Traveling Hours: one day
- Traveling Seasons: June to September.
- High Altitude Sickness Avoiding: Better take some medicines for relief and keep warm all the time.
- As there is a large temperature gap between daytime and night, it is highly recommended to take along some pieces of thermal clothing, hat, and gloves and so on.
- Please try your best to respect the religious belief and local customs.